They continued gradually eastwards, but were never thought to have journeyed further than Easter Island, about 2,000 miles off the coast of continental Chile.
The chicken DNA suggests at least one group did make the harrowing journey across the remaining stretch of Pacific, Matisoo-Smith said.
"There are many words in Mapuche language which are close to or identical with Polynesian, [and] the Mapuche war club is very similar to a distinctive Polynesian form," Anderson said. The strongest case is the sweet potato, which originated in the Americas.
Polynesians were growing this crop on the Cook Islands as early as a thousand years ago.
Sailing Masters Polynesians are generally believed to have been the world's best sailors at the time when they colonized the Pacific islands, Storey said.
Their ancestors began these long journeys more than 3,000 years ago. But no one had found any concrete evidence of South American settlement by Polynesians.
Two part answer: original article and refutation The chicken bones were discovered at an archaeological site called El Arenal, on the south coast of Chile, alongside other materials belonging to the indigenous population.
Tests on the bones indicate the birds arrived well before any European arrival.
Considering chickens popularity now, it is hard to think of a time when the Chinese did not eat this bird.The last of the Pacific islands to be colonized were the Chatham Islands, east of New Zealand, in about A. Many scholars thought that chickens first reached the New World on European ships.Then archaeologist and study co-author Daniel Quiroz, of the Dirección de Bibliotecas, Archivos y Museos in Santiago, dug up 50 chicken bones from at least five individual birds at the Chilean site called El Arenal.There are no guarantees as to when chickens actually were first consumed.It used to be thought that colonization in the Pacific some five thousand years ago was a probable time.